How gardeners in Lancaster helped me to sow flowers

Autumn is coming and I thought it might be a good idea to talk about what flowers can be sown during this period. I will also explain how to sow flower seeds and give you a few tips on how to grow them once they germinate.

Start with choosing flowers you would like to grow. For example, poppies, borage, calendula and phacelia can be grown in cold soil. This means that you can sow them in September, October or even November. Here are some more examples of flowers to sow in September: euphorbia, dierama, viola and lupins. All these plants can be sown indoors and then transplanted outdoors.

    1. Before sowing the seeds, we need to find good soil for them. You can create a mix using 40% of normal garden soil, 20% of fine sand, 20% of organic compost and 20% of coco peat. Alternatively, you can follow this guide to make your own potting soil. If the soil is heavy or sticky, you can mix it with vermiculite to create air channels. Also, it holds moisture. Add up to half of the volume of the soil.
    2. Then, find a pot with a draining hole and fill it up with a good quality potting mix or fertilised soil. Sieve the soil over the pot. Sieving will help to ensure that there are no lumps in the soil. If you find any, break them with your hand.
    3. Press the soil to remove bumps and dips in your pot or tray. You can use a firming board or even your hand and gently press the soil to even out the surface.
    4. Water the surface thoroughly.
    5. Sprinkle the seeds on the potting mix, but do not sow them so deeply that they cannot make their way to the surface. Separate the seeds, so they are spread evenly throughout the surface and are not close to one another. You can use a dibber or do it with your hand. 
    6. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of compost and then water the surface only. Cover the pot with cling film to maintain moisture level.

                 7. Label the pots and write the date when you planted the seeds.
                 8. I will take a few days or a week for the seeds to grow. To quickly check moisture levels, simply put your finger in the soil and if the soil sticks to it then there is no need to water.
                 9. When the plants germinate and have two sets of leaves, you can fertilise them.
                10. If you want your flowers outdoors, then the seedlings need to be gradually introduced to life outdoors. Therefore, a week before transplanting the seedling into your garden, bring                               them outside for a few hours and then again at night.
                 11. Transplant the seedlings outside. Also, you might want to consider using a cold frame to protect the seedlings at early stages of growth.
                 12. Label the pots and write the date when you planted the seeds.

There you have it. When I did not know how to do this, I had to ask for help. Lancaster gardeners helped me with this a lot. The showed me how to sow the seeds and then even planted the flowers once they germinated. These guys can help you not only with planting flowers, but with landscaping, hedge trimming and lawn mowing.

Also, I have an article about greywater. Using greywater helps to save on water bills and preserve potable water.